The E-2 visa for treaty investors is a non-immigrant visa available to foreign nationals from certain countries who wish to enter the United States (or adjust status in the United States) in order to develop and manage a business enterprise with which they have a substantial investment.
There are several requirements in order to be eligible for the E-2 visa. First, the applicant must be from a country with a treaty agreement with the United States. The list of countries is long and includes Mexico, Turkey, Egypt, Argentina, Japan, Australia, Canada, Israel, and most European and Central American countries among others. Second, the investment must be substantial and committed. Third, the investor must plan to establish an active business enterprise. Fourth, the investor must be in a role that is managerial or supervisory in nature.
The substantiality test is not exact, but the amount of investment must be enough to ensure that the investing visa applicant is financially committed to the success of the enterprise. Additionally, the source of investment funds must be the visa applicant's own funds.
The E-2 visa for investors or employees initially grants a two year stay in the United States; however, there is no limit as to how many extensions are available to the visa applicant as long as the applicant continues to meet the visa requirements.